Molecular genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii from Central and South America revealed high diversity within and between populations.

Molecular genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii from Central and South America revealed high diversity within and between populations.

Population studies have recently revealed that some of the major clonal lineages of Toxoplasma gondii dominate in different geographical areas. The lineage of Type II and III are widespread in all continents and dominate in Europe, Africa and North America. In addition, type 12 lineage is the most common type of wildlife in North America, Africa 1 and 3 is one of the main species in Africa, and ToxoDB PCR-RFLP # 9 is the kind of big in China. Overall strains of T. gondii were more diverse in South America than any other region. Here, we analyzed 164 isolates of T. gondii from three Central American countries (Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica), from one country in the Caribbean (Grenada) and five countries of South America (Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Chile, and Argentina ).

The multilocous polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) genotyping based on 11 polymorphic markers (SAG1, SAG2, alt.SAG2, SAG3, BtuB, GRA6, L358, PK1, C22-8, C29-2 and Apico) applied for 148 domestic poultry (Gallus domesticus) isolates and 16 isolates from the domestic cat (Felis catus) in Colombia; 42 genotypes were identified. Linkage disequilibrium analysis showed genetic recombination more frequently in populations of Nicaragua and Colombia, and to a lesser degree in the population of Costa Rica and Argentina. Bayesian structural analysis identified at least three groups of genetic and phylogenetic network analysis identifies four main groups. The ToxoDB PCR-RFLP # 7, Type III and II major lineages identified from Central and South America, with a high frequency of ToxoDB PCR-RFLP # 7 and Type III is closely related lineages.

direct molecular blood test for early Lyme disease can not be sensitive because of the low number of outstanding Borrelia burgdorferi DNA. To address these challenges, we have developed a strategy and genotype sensitive to detect B. burgdorferi directly from whole blood collected during the initial patient visit. This strategy increases sensitivity by using 1.25 mL of whole blood, a novel pre-enrichment of the entire specimen extracts to Borrelia multi-locus DNA prior to PCR and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry detection assay. We evaluate the blood test were collected at initial presentation of 21 patients of endemic areas who have both physician-diagnosed erythema migrans (EM) and serology two positive level either at baseline or follow-up visit after three weeks of antibiotic therapy.

Molecular genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii from Central and South America revealed high diversity within and between populations.
Molecular genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii from Central and South America revealed high diversity within and between populations.

molecular genotyping of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus through enhanced fluorofor repetitive-sequence-PCR.

methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus is a frequent cause of nosocomial infections and community acquired. Accurate, fast epidemiological typing is very important to identify the source and spread of infectious diseases and can provide detailed information about the generation of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains. A high level of genetic linkage strains of MRSA have barred the use of the more conventional methods of genetic fingerprinting. A DNA fingerprinting method that exploit the rapid PCR amplification of repetitive DNA sequences in MRSA described.

Mouse GM-CSF ELISA Kit, 96 tests, Quantitative

MGM-CSF-100 1 kit
EUR 482

Bovine GM-CSF ELISA Kit

EBG0023 96Tests
EUR 521

Bovine GM-CSF ELISA Kit

EBG0342 96Tests
EUR 521

PRE-GMP rHu GM-CSF, Molgramostim-Leukoma

04-RHUGM-CSF-7A10 300 µg
EUR 385
Description: Recombinant human GM-CSF produced in E.coli is a single, non-glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing 127 amino acids, two pairs of disulfide bonds and having a molecular mass of approximately 14.5kD.

GM-CSF

E21-003 10ug
EUR 343

GM-CSF

E21-J46 10ug
EUR 343

GM-CSF, human recombinant

4100-10
EUR 256

GM-CSF, human recombinant

4100-100
EUR 729

GM-CSF, human recombinant

4100-1000
EUR 3312

GM-CSF, murine recombinant

4101-10
EUR 256

GM-CSF, murine recombinant

4101-100
EUR 729

GM-CSF, murine recombinant

4101-1000
EUR 3312

GM-CSF, rat recombinant

4102-10
EUR 256

GM-CSF, rat recombinant

4102-100
EUR 805

GM-CSF, rat recombinant

4102-1000
EUR 3801

GM-CSF, human recombinant

P1012-.01 10 µg
EUR 313
Description: Granulocyte Macrophage Colony stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) is a cytokine that stimulates the colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. GM-CSF is a pleiotropic cytokine and a member of endogenous cytokine family of the hematopoietic system

GM-CSF, human recombinant

P1012-.1 100 µg
EUR 1017
Description: Granulocyte Macrophage Colony stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) is a cytokine that stimulates the colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. GM-CSF is a pleiotropic cytokine and a member of endogenous cytokine family of the hematopoietic system

GM-CSF, human recombinant

P1012-1 1 mg
EUR 4226
Description: Granulocyte Macrophage Colony stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) is a cytokine that stimulates the colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. GM-CSF is a pleiotropic cytokine and a member of endogenous cytokine family of the hematopoietic system

GM-CSF, murine recombinant

P1013-.01 10 µg
EUR 313
Description: Granulocyte Macrophage Colony stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) is a cytokine that stimulates the colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. GM-CSF is a pleiotropic cytokine and a member of endogenous cytokine family of the hematopoietic system.

GM-CSF, murine recombinant

P1013-.1 100 µg
EUR 1017
Description: Granulocyte Macrophage Colony stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) is a cytokine that stimulates the colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. GM-CSF is a pleiotropic cytokine and a member of endogenous cytokine family of the hematopoietic system.

GM-CSF, murine recombinant

P1013-1 1 mg
EUR 4226
Description: Granulocyte Macrophage Colony stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) is a cytokine that stimulates the colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. GM-CSF is a pleiotropic cytokine and a member of endogenous cytokine family of the hematopoietic system.

GM-CSF, rat recombinant

P1014-.1 100 µg
EUR 1017
Description: Granulocyte Macrophage Colony stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) is a cytokine that stimulates the colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. GM-CSF is a pleiotropic cytokine and a member of endogenous cytokine family of the hematopoietic system.

GM-CSF, rat recombinant

P1014-1 1 mg
EUR 4852
Description: Granulocyte Macrophage Colony stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) is a cytokine that stimulates the colony formation of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors. GM-CSF is a pleiotropic cytokine and a member of endogenous cytokine family of the hematopoietic system.

Recombinant Human GM-CSF

SJA01-03 10µg/vial
EUR 285

Recombinant Human GM-CSF

SJA01-04 50µg/vial
EUR 705

Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF

SJF05-01 10µg/vial
EUR 256

Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF

SJF05-02 50µg/vial
EUR 575

GM-CSF, Porcine Recombinant

P1561-10 10 µg
EUR 156

GM-CSF, Porcine Recombinant

P1561-50 50 µg
EUR 551

Filgrastim (rHuG-CSF)

rHuG-CSF 300µg/vial
EUR 225

Molgramostim (rHuGM-CSF)

rHuGM-CSF 300µg/vial
EUR 249

GM-CSF protein

30R-AG014 5 ug
EUR 133
Description: Purified recombinant Human GM-CSF protein

GM-CSF protein

30R-AG016 50 ug
EUR 529
Description: Purified recombinant Human GM-CSF protein

GM-CSF protein

30R-AG022 20 ug
EUR 273
Description: Purified recombinant Human GM-CSF protein

GM-CSF antibody

70-GR30 50 ug
EUR 298
Description: Affinity purified Rabbit polyclonal GM-CSF antibody

GM-CSF Antibody

5100-100
EUR 316

GM-CSF Antibody

5100-30T
EUR 146

GM-CSF Antibody

5101-100
EUR 316

GM-CSF Antibody

5101-30T
EUR 146

GM-CSF antibody

70R-GR026 50 ug
EUR 273
Description: Affinity purified Rabbit polyclonal GM-CSF antibody

His-GM-CSF

E13-010-1 10μg
EUR 291

His-GM-CSF

E13-010-2 50μg
EUR 700

GM-CSF/CSF2

E21-C79 10ug
EUR 343

rHu GM-CSF

AK9707-0005 5µg Ask for price

rHu GM-CSF

AK9707-0020 20µg Ask for price

rHu GM-CSF

AK9707-0100 100µg Ask for price

rHu GM-CSF

AK9707-1000 1mg Ask for price

GM-CSF, Human

HY-P7016A 50ug
EUR 441

GM-CSF, Mouse

HY-P7361 50ug
EUR 497

GM-CSF, Human

LF-P0278 10 ug
EUR 270
Description: GM-CSF, Human protein

GM-CSF, Human

LF-P0278A 100 ug
EUR 1811
Description: GM-CSF, Human protein

GM - CSF Human

PR27068 2 ug
EUR 191

GM - CSF Rat

PR27071 2 ug
EUR 148

GM - CSF Sf9

PR27072 2 ug
EUR 148

GM - CSF Mouse

PR27074 2 ug
EUR 191

anti-GM-CSF

YF-PA11125 100 ug
EUR 403
Description: Rabbit polyclonal to GM-CSF

Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF/CSF2

CK02-10ug 10ug
EUR 202
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of 20mM PB,150mM NaCl, pH7.4.

Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF/CSF2

CK02-1mg 1mg
EUR 2486
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of 20mM PB,150mM NaCl, pH7.4.

Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF/CSF2

CK02-500ug 500ug
EUR 1613
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of 20mM PB,150mM NaCl, pH7.4.

Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF/CSF2

CK02-50ug 50ug
EUR 496
Description: Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of 20mM PB,150mM NaCl, pH7.4.

Recombinant Rat GM-CSF Protein

PROTP48750-1 20ug
EUR 317
Description: GM-CSF is a hematopoietic growth factor that stimulates the development of neutrophils and macrophages and promotes the proliferation and development of early erythroid megakaryocytic and eosinophilic progenitor cells. It is produced in by endothelial cells, monocytes, fibroblasts and T-lymphocytes. GM-CSF inhibits neutrophil migration and enhances the functional activity of the mature end-cells. The human and murine molecules are species-specific and exhibit no cross-species reactivity. Recombinant rat GM-CSF is a 14.5 kDa globular protein consisting of 128 amino acids residues.

Recombinant Murine GM-CSF Protein

PROTP01587-1 20ug
EUR 317
Description: GM-CSF is a hematopoietic growth factor that stimulates the development of neutrophils and macrophages and promotes the proliferation and development of early erythroid megakaryocytic and eosinophilic progenitor cells. It is produced in endothelial cells, monocytes, fibroblasts and T-lymphocytes. GM-CSF inhibits neutrophil migration and enhances the functional activity of the mature end-cells. The human and murine molecules are species-specific and exhibit no cross-species reactivity. Recombinant murine GM-CSF is a 14.2 kDa globular protein consisting of 125 amino acid residues.

Recombinant Human GM-CSF Protein

PROTP04141-6 20ug
EUR 317
Description: GM-CSF is a hematopoietic growth factor that stimulates the development of neutrophils and macrophages and promotes the proliferation and development of early erythroid megakaryocytic and eosinophilic progenitor cells. It is produced in endothelial cells, monocytes, fibroblasts and T-lymphocytes. GM-CSF inhibits neutrophil migration and enhances the functional activity of the mature end-cells. The human and murine molecules are species-specific and exhibit no cross-species reactivity. Recombinant human GM-CSF is a 14.6 kDa globular protein consisting of 128 amino acids containing two intramolecular disulfide bonds and two potential N-linked glycosylation sites.

Canine GM-CSF Recombinant Protein

R00911-1 5ug/vial
EUR 259
Description: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a protein secreted by macrophages, T cells, mast cells, NK cells, endothelial cells and fibroblasts. GM-CSF stimulates stem cells to produce granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils) and monocytes. Canine GM-CSF Recombinant Protein is purified GM-CSF produced in yeast.

Chicken GM-CSF Recombinant Protein

R00911-2 5ug/vial
EUR 259
Description: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a protein secreted by macrophages, T cells, mast cells, NK cells, endothelial cells and fibroblasts. GM-CSF stimulates stem cells to produce granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils) and monocytes. Chicken GM-CSF Recombinant Protein is purified GM-CSF produced in yeast.

Equine GM-CSF Recombinant Protein

R00911-3 5ug/vial
EUR 259
Description: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a protein secreted by macrophages, T cells, mast cells, NK cells, endothelial cells and fibroblasts. GM-CSF stimulates stem cells to produce granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils) and monocytes. Equine GM-CSF Recombinant Protein is purified GM-CSF produced in yeast

Human GM-CSF Recombinant Protein

R00911-4 5ug/vial
EUR 259
Description: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a protein secreted by macrophages, T cells, mast cells, NK cells, endothelial cells and fibroblasts. GM-CSF stimulates stem cells to produce granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils) and monocytes. Human GM-CSF Recombinant Protein is purified GM-CSF produced in yeast.

Mouse GM-CSF Recombinant Protein

R00911-5 5ug/vial
EUR 259
Description: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a protein secreted by macrophages, T cells, mast cells, NK cells, endothelial cells and fibroblasts. GM-CSF stimulates stem cells to produce granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils) and monocytes. Mouse GM-CSF Recombinant Protein is purified GM-CSF produced in yeast.

Rabbit GM-CSF Recombinant Protein

R00911-6 5ug/vial
EUR 259
Description: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a protein secreted by macrophages, T cells, mast cells, NK cells, endothelial cells and fibroblasts. GM-CSF stimulates stem cells to produce granulocytes and monocytes and is glycosylated in its mature form.

Swine GM-CSF Recombinant Protein

R00911-7 5ug/vial
EUR 259
Description: Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a protein secreted by macrophages, T cells, mast cells, NK cells, endothelial cells and fibroblasts. GM-CSF stimulates stem cells to produce granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils) and monocytes. Swine GM-CSF Recombinant Protein is purified GM-CSF produced in yeast.

Bovine Granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor, GM- CSF

ELA-E0045b 96 Tests
EUR 928

Human CellExp? GM-CSF, Human Recombinant

6454-10
EUR 343

Human CellExp? GM-CSF, Human Recombinant

6454-50
EUR 1333

Recombinant Human GM-CSF/CSF2 Protein

RP00094 5 μg
EUR 149

Recombinant Mouse GM-CSF/CSF2 Protein

RP01206 5 μg
EUR 145

Recombinant Rat GM-CSF/CSF2 Protein

RP01207 5 μg
EUR 145

Mouse GM-CSF protein

30R-1134 100 ug
EUR 349
Description: Purified recombinant Mouse GM-CSF protein

GM-CSF Polyclonal Antibody

46884-100ul 100ul
EUR 252

GM-CSF Polyclonal Antibody

46884-50ul 50ul
EUR 187

Mouse GM-CSF Antibody

32865-05111 150 ug
EUR 261

Human GM-CSF Antibody

32934-05111 150 ug
EUR 261

GM-CSF antibody (biotin)

60R-GR003bt 25 ug
EUR 273
Description: Rabbit polyclonal GM-CSF antibody (biotin) conjugated

GM-CSF (17-31)

5-01233 4 x 1mg Ask for price

GM-CSF (96-112)

5-01234 4 x 1mg Ask for price

Polyclonal GM-CSF Antibody

APR00257G 0.1mg
EUR 484
Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human GM-CSF . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:

Polyclonal GM-CSF Antibody

APR00258G 0.1mg
EUR 484
Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human GM-CSF . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:

Polyclonal GM-CSF Antibody

APR00259G 0.05mg
EUR 484
Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human GM-CSF . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:

Human GM-CSF Protein

abx060156-100ug 100 ug
EUR 578
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

Human GM-CSF Protein

abx060239-100ug 100 ug
EUR 578
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

GM-CSF Blocking Peptide

20-abx064143
  • EUR 272.00
  • EUR 411.00
  • 1 mg
  • 5 mg
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

Human GM-CSF Protein

abx060789-20ug 20 ug
EUR 453
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

GM-CSF Polyclonal Antibody

ABP58647-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from part region of human GM-CSF protein at amino acid sequence of 100-144
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of GM-CSF from Human. This GM-CSF antibody is for IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit serum by affinity-chromatography using the specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from part region of human GM-CSF protein at amino acid sequence of 100-144

GM-CSF Polyclonal Antibody

ABP58647-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from part region of human GM-CSF protein at amino acid sequence of 100-144
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of GM-CSF from Human. This GM-CSF antibody is for IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit serum by affinity-chromatography using the specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from part region of human GM-CSF protein at amino acid sequence of 100-144

GM-CSF Polyclonal Antibody

ABP58647-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from part region of human GM-CSF protein at amino acid sequence of 100-144
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of GM-CSF from Human. This GM-CSF antibody is for IHC-P, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit serum by affinity-chromatography using the specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from part region of human GM-CSF protein at amino acid sequence of 100-144

rec GM-CSF (murine)

H-7380.0005 5.0µg
EUR 264

rec GM-CSF (murine)

H-7380.0010 10.0µg
EUR 381

rec GM-CSF (murine)

H-7380.0020 20.0µg
EUR 724

GM-CSF, Rhesus Macaque

HY-P7184 10ug
EUR 234

Distribution of random chromosome repeat sequence provides an ideal target for detecting DNA fragment patterns specific to individual MRSA strains. Two PCR fingerprinting method uses oligonucleotide primer based on a repeated sequence found in Mycoplasma pneumoniae is presented. Repetitive element sequence-based PCR (rep-PCR) and fluorofor-enhanced rep-PCR (FERP) can identify the strain of the MRSA epidemic in the background. Oligonucleotide primer combinations are labeled with different fluorescent dyes simultaneously allowed FERP fingerprints and detection of the mecA gene.

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